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ADD: No.66, Jingsan Road, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.
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WHAT IS A FLOOR SCRUBBER ?

 

There was a time when scrubbing floors required plenty of water, soap, and a strong back; the only way to really scrub a floor effectively was to get down on hands and knees and slowly work across the entire floor. Fortunately, the floor scrubber, also referred to as a mop, was invented and took a lot of the labor out of cleaning the floors. As a tool that is used daily in all sorts of public buildings, a mop is a great way to take care of an essential job in a fraction of the time it would take to do the work on hands and knees. Some examples of different types of floor scrubbers include automatic floor scrubbers, floor buffers, and floor polishers; these tools are made of a variety of materials such as brushes and sponge pads, and are typically used with a liquid floor-cleaning agent.

Automatic Floor Scrubbers

Although basic floor scrubbers, such as cloth mops, made their appearance in the 1920s, automatic floor scrubbers were not invented until the middle of the 20th century. With a basic design that was somewhat like a push lawn mower, these early models of the automatic floor scrubber contained a well for water and soap, as well as jets that could squirt the cleaning mixture onto the floor. A set of rotary brushes worked the cleansers into the facing of the floor, effectively lifting dirt and scrubbing the floors clean.
Since the modern floor scrubber tended to leave less water behind than cleaning floors by hand, the floor scrubber improved the process in several ways: first, it is not longer necessary to get down on hands and knees to scrub the floor, the job can be done in much less time, and the floor should dry quicker, meaning less waiting time to resume normal activities.

Floor Buffers

As the use of floor scrubbers expanded from corporate buildings to schools and municipal buildings, there began to be some variations on the device. Floor buffers were invented for use on linoleum and similar floor coverings. In addition to cleaning the floors, the automated floor buffer also buffs the surface of the floor to attain the highest degree of shine. Floor buffers often use rotary brushes like those of the floor scrubber, but they are typically made of a softer material to avoid causing any damage. Once the floor is buffed to a nice level of shine, it may look even cleaner than it would have otherwise.

Floor Polishers

For marble and wood floors, a floor polisher is often the tool of choice. Floor polishers tend to work best on natural materials that have not been treated with harsh chemicals. Thoroughly cleaning the floor before applying polish will most likely render the best results. It is possible to buy floor polish at most major hardwood stores; the type of polish will vary depending on the type of flooring. Most polishes not only make the floor shine, but add a protective coating as well. To avoid having to apply the polish by hand, automatic floor polishers can also be bought or rented at many hardware or home improvement stores.

The All-in-one Tool

Over the years, the lines have blurred among the varying types of floor scrubbers. Innovations in the design and function of the floor scrubber have made it possible to use one machine for just about any type of flooring, from cement to natural wood to synthetic floor tiles. In recent years, smaller models designed for home use have joined the market, allowing homeowners to scrub, buff, and shine their domestic floors with the same level of expertise formally found only with professional cleaning crews. Whether the idea is to clean up a messy floor or bring out the natural sheen of the material, a good quality floor scrubber can make the job easier.

 
Why Italy's Election Has Caused Global Markets to Crater

 

 

 

Why Italys Election Has Caused Global Markets to Crater


 


 


 

Last night's election in Italy is resulting in remarkable market gyrations all around the world.

  • US stocks had their worst day since November.
  • The VIX (a measure of volatility and fear) had an enormous surge.
  • The Italian stock market is down nearly 5% today.
  • The euro is cratering.
  • The Japanese stock market lost over 2% night.

So why does an election in Italy have this kind of huge impact?

"Italy is a massive economy; Greece is nothing compared to Italy," says professor William Black of the University of Missouri at Kansas City of Europe's third largest economy in the accompanying video with The Daily Ticker's Henry Blodget. "Austerity in the middle of a recession is a terrible policy."

To understand that, you need to understand the essence of the Euro crisis, and how it's been addressed by Eurozone leaders over the last year.

In a nutshell the Eurozone crisis started in late 2009, when investors in the bonds of peripheral countries (Greece, Spain, Italy, etc.) started to wonder whether those governments were "good for it" so to speak. The brutal recession combined with the massive banking bailouts required in some countries to seriously stretch their national balance sheets. And since no individual Eurozone country has their own printing press, there's actually the chance that they could run out of cash and default.

The initial attempt to address the crisis was via austerity and limited bailouts. But they didn't work. Austerity only aggravated the economies, further expanding the deficits. And the bailouts weren't enough to address the core problem.

The crisis only began to get "solved" in late 2011 when the one entity with unlimited money, the European Central Bank, began flexing its muscle. First it backstopped European banks. Then in mid-2012, ECB chief Mario Draghi offered a deal. The ECB would purchase the debt of any country, provided said country agreed to various structural reforms (reforming labor, reducing spending, reducing pensions, etc.).

Just as in the US, there's a big thirst among elites for structural reforms to reduce long-term deficits.

This promise made by Draghi -- which was called the OMT program -- was incredibly powerful. Just the knowledge that the ECB stood ready to buy the debt of struggling countries has dramatically reduced the borrowing costs of all the peripheral nations. Italy has seen a HUGE reduction in its borrowing costs.

Here's a 1-year chart of the yield on the Italian 10-year bond.

 yihong

That peak last July occurred right when Mario Draghi first hinted at his new program. Ever since then, national borrowing costs have been dropping nicely, even though the ECB hasn't actually purchased a dime of Italian debt using the program.

So the essence of the new European stability comes down to this promise.

The ECB says it will buy government's debt, provided that said government engages in various reforms that the ECB wants to see.

There's only one catch. Voters hate austerity. And voters hate when their own politicians are taking their cues from an institution like the European Central Bank, rather than domestic needs.

And that's the phenomenon that came home to roost last night.

The political parties seen as continuing along the existing ECB-preferred path did badly. The rebellion voters (Silvio Berlusconi and populist Beppe Grillo) did much better than expected.

And this has the potential to undermine all of the progress made in Europe over the past several months. As Morgan Stanley explained in a research note this morning:

In order to activate the OMT, political authorities will have to apply and accept additional conditionality. This is what Italys electorate appears to have rejected.

(By "conditionality" they mean, the quid-pro-quo whereby the ECB bailout comes with austerity conditions.)

Italy is Europe's single largest debt market. Its debt to GDP is a staggering 120%. Banks around Europe are loaded to the gills with Italian debt. Suddenly, the debt backstop that everyone thought was there (the OMT program) may not be usable, because the voters just gave a huge rejection of pro-austerity politicians.

So now banks around the world are tanking because of their exposure to Italian debt, or because of their exposure to other financial institutions that are exposed to Italian debt. Or maybe they're exposed to Irish, Spanish, French, and Portuguese debt, where politicians might be looking at what just happened in Italy, and thinking: If pro-austerity politicians can get shellacked like that, then maybe we need to rethink and renegotiate our current programs.

And when you have financials taking a beating like this, pretty much everything goes down everywhere.

Evn in Japan, things took a beating since there was a huge flight-to-safety bid for the Japanese Yen, and since so much of the Nikkei rally lately has been associated with a weakening yen, a strengthening yen caused stocks to crumble.

As for what happens now? We'll learn more in the next few days.

The word everyone is tossing about is "ungovernable" which is a dramatic way of saying that no coalition can be formed (because no allied parties got enough seats), thus requiring new elections in a matter of weeks or months. At a minimum, this period of uncertainty will cause any further reform/austerity progress to come to a screeching halt.

It is possible that a government could be formed (perhaps even an alliance between the leftist Pier Luigi Bersani and Silvio Berlusconi) and that things will settle down.

But the key idea is that voters just went dead against the core deal in Europe, which is an ECB backstop in exchange for austerity. Strike at that, and you create the conditions for a new wave of the European crisis that extends beyond Italian borders.

 

 

 
Future Development of Road Sweeper, Floor Scrubber and Domestic Cleaning Market

 

Future Development of Road Sweeper, Floor Scrubber and Domestic Cleaning Market

Recently, with the fast development of China’s economy, especially the rapid changes of urban infrastructure construction, high-level and high-grade building construction in the first and second tire cities, people make higher demands for their working and living environment. Up to now, many outdoor buildings have lost their past beauties after being exposed to the weather, and worsen by the dust covering outside, which have greatly influenced the beauty and appearance of the city. Also, with the development to higher-level, more complicated and more humanized internal decoration of the buildings, many expensive decoration materials and supporting facilities begin to find their use in different parts of our daily life. For human or natural reasons, they are very likely to be polluted, thus, no matter the cleaning of the outside nor the interior clean-keeping all need very professional cleaning service which is what the traditional cleaning methods cannot be satisfied. In order to give their staff a better and more casual working environment, many companies are making cleaning service as an operation cost investment. While the cleaning service company will choose cleaning facilities to replace human in order to reduce the human cleaning cost. Thus, road sweepers, floor scrubbers and dust collectors are necessary investment. According to the statistics, there are about 300 billion yuan potential demands for the cleaning market every year in our country.

 
Yihong Road Sweeper YHD21 COST Analysis Table

 

Yihong Road Sweeper YHD21 COST Analysis Table :

Yihong Road Sweeper YHD21 is equipped with air condition and heating machine, the operator can enjoy the comfortable work environment in summer and winter. Noise-insulated, low-vibration cab with suspension. Water nozzles on the plate brushes for binding dust in sensitive working areas. The YHD21 is extremely manoeuvrable thanks to its new type of cushioned articulated steering. It's unqiue sulo bin hopper concept makes it the most versatile footpath and outdoor sweeping machine on the market today.

The price of YHD21 analysis table

yihong road sweeper yhd21 cost analysis table

 
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